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IRMNG taxon details

Bunodidae Packard, 1886 †

103529  (urn:lsid:irmng.org:taxname:103529)

accepted
Family

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  1. Genus Bembicosoma Laurie, 1899 †
  2. Genus Bunodes Eichwald, 1854 †
  3. Genus Limuloides Woodward, 1865 †
  4. Genus Pasternakevia Selden & Drygant, 1987 †
  5. Genus Hemiaspis Woodward, 1864 † accepted as Hemiaspis Woodward, 1865 † accepted as Limuloides Woodward, 1865 † (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  6. Genus Limuloides Salter, 1857 † accepted as Limuloides Woodward, 1865 † (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
  7. Genus Hemiaspis Woodward, 1865 † accepted as Limuloides Woodward, 1865 † (unaccepted > junior homonym, junior homonym of Hemiaspis Fitzinger, 1861 (Reptilia))
  8. Genus Exapinurus Nieszkowski, 1859 † accepted as Bunodes Eichwald, 1854 † (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
marine
fossil only
Not documented
Taxonomic remark Previously allocated to Xiphosura, however appear to be a sister taxon to that group. Lamsdell, 2012 states: Xiphosura...  
Taxonomic remark Previously allocated to Xiphosura, however appear to be a sister taxon to that group. Lamsdell, 2012 states: Xiphosura sensu stricto is itself the sister group to a clade named Planaterga nom. nov. consisting of bunodids, pseudoniscids, chasmataspidids, eurypterids, and arachnids ... At present there is not enough data to indicate whether pseudoniscids and bunodids form a paraphyletic grade leading to Dekatriata nom. nov. [=Chasmataspidids, eurypterids and arachnids] or if they are themselves a diverse and previously unrecognized order of chelicerates. [details]
IRMNG (2023). Bunodidae Packard, 1886 †. Accessed at: https://www.irmng.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=103529 on 2024-02-25
Date
action
by
2006-11-20 23:00:00Z
created
2012-01-19 23:00:00Z
changed
2023-10-30 17:12:29Z
changed

basis of record Benton, M.J. (ed). (1993). The Fossil Record 2. Chapman & Hall, London, 845 pp.
note: as Xiphosura [details]   

taxonomy source Lamsdell, J. C. (2012). Revised systematics of Palaeozoic 'horseshoe crabs' and the myth of monophyletic Xiphosura. <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.</em> 167(1): 1-27., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00874.x [details]   

extant flag source Benton, M.J. (ed). (1993). The Fossil Record 2. Chapman & Hall, London, 845 pp.  [details]   

habitat flag source Benton, M.J. (ed). (1993). The Fossil Record 2. Chapman & Hall, London, 845 pp.  [details]   
From other sources
Descriptive info Benton, 1993 habitat flag(s): M; stratigraphic range: Silurian (Ludlow) [details]

Taxonomic remark Previously allocated to Xiphosura, however appear to be a sister taxon to that group. Lamsdell, 2012 states: Xiphosura sensu stricto is itself the sister group to a clade named Planaterga nom. nov. consisting of bunodids, pseudoniscids, chasmataspidids, eurypterids, and arachnids ... At present there is not enough data to indicate whether pseudoniscids and bunodids form a paraphyletic grade leading to Dekatriata nom. nov. [=Chasmataspidids, eurypterids and arachnids] or if they are themselves a diverse and previously unrecognized order of chelicerates. [details]

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